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Neuromuscular Disorders

Movement Disorders

Dystonia is an involuntary contraction of the muscles causing an uncontrollable twisting of the affected body part. It often interferes with the performance of many normal tasks. Dystonia symptoms may begin in a single region or involve several muscles. The impact of Dystonia varies depending on the part of the body affected and the severity of contractions. Here are a few examples of focal Dystonia:

  • Blepharospasm : Frequent blinking
  • Cervical Dystonia Painful head twist and turn to one side
  • Oromandibular Dystonia: This can cause difficulty swallowing
  • Writer’s cramp or musician’s cramp: Causing pain during a single repetitive motion, such as writing or playing an instrument

Many cases of Dystonia have no obvious cause, but sometimes there is an underlying neurological problem. Our Dystonia specialist will review each case and order an appropriate work-up as needed. Dystonias are uncommon but can be disabling.

 

Neuromuscular Disorders

The nervous system is divided into two major categories: Central and Peripheral Nervous System. Disorders of each system can present with similar symptoms and it is extremely important to isolate and understand the particular symptoms in order to achieve the best treatment result. The Peripheral Nervous System includes nerves, muscles and the nerve and muscle junction. Disorders that involve these segments usually present with numbness, tingling, weakness, fatigue, pain, balance problems or burning sensations.

Peripheral neuropathy is among the most common disorders of the Peripheral Nervous System. Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder characterized by pain and/or numbness in the extremities. This is caused by damage to the nerves. It is possible for Peripheral Neuropathy to improve over time especially if the cause of the condition can be found. There are medications that can ease the discomfort of the disorder.

Carpal tunnel syndrome refers to compression of the median nerve in the wrist area. Carpal tunnel syndrome can become progressively more severe, as the pinched nerve in the wrist is inflamed by repetitive hand-use motions and patterns. Good treatment from a qualified professional can ease the numbness, tingling, or burning sensations associated with Carpel Tunnel Syndrome and make normal use of wrists and hands possible again. Other compression neuropathies can also be diagnosed and treated effectively as well.

 

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